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Environment

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  • The spawning grounds of the sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus are located within the perimeter of the Sélune Observatory. As this species is migratory, its colonisation of the Sélune river and its tributaries will probably be influenced by the removal of the Sélune dams. The spawning grounds are characterised by a depression accompanied by a sediment ejection dome immediately downstream. The stones returned to the dome are lighter, making the nests easily visible and identifiable for up to several weeks after spawning.

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    synthèse au 1/250 000 de la carte géologique du Massif armoricain

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    This data set contains the temperature values at the position of 557 Pardosa saltans spiders, measured each minute during 90 minutes in a laboratory thermal gradient. Additionnal information on sex, development stage and morphology is provided for each individual. For details see Cabon et al 2023 in Journal of Thermal Biology: https://www-sciencedirect-com.passerelle.univ-rennes1.fr/science/article/pii/S0306456523002474 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2023.103706

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    This is a data set on some morphological and physiological impacts of salinity on two isolated of Microcystis aeruginosa performed in laboratory experiments in the spring of 2022. Two non axenic isolated colonial Microcystis aeruginosa strains (PMC1323.21 and PMC1262.20) were used for the experiments. Both strains were provided by the Paris Museum Collection (PMC). For these experiments, colonies of both strains were grown in BG11 medium in Erlenmeyer flasks and kept in an exponentially growing phase. The batch cultures were stored in a growing chamber at 22 °C and under a light intensity of 40 μE/m2/s with a photoperiod of 14h/10h. For details see Bormans et al 2023 in MicrobiologyOpen This data set contains the following sheets: read_me cell_diameter_strain_1323.21 cell_diameter_strain_1262.20 volume_colonies_7d_strain_1262.20 volume_colonies_3d_strain_1262.20 autofluorescence 1323.21 autofluorescence 1262.20 intercellular spacing 1262.20

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    Groundwater comprises approximately 30 percent of the Earth’s total freshwater, serving as a vital resource for both humans and ecosystems. As an essential source of drinking water for humans and sustenance for vegetation, groundwater plays a key role in the terrestrial water cycle. It acts as a buffer, enabling adaptation to climate variability and extreme events like floods and droughts. Therefore, understanding groundwater storage is important for both ecological and15 societal reasons.

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    The dataset includes BLUM and long base tiltmeter data.

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    The dataset includes BLUM and long base tiltmeter data.

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    This borehole hydrogeophysical logging data include optical imaging,acoustic logging,induction and electrical resistivity,natural and spectral gamma radioactivity,fiber optic measurements an d multiparameter probe logs.

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    Fractured aquifers are known to be very heterogeneous with complex flow path geometries. Their characterization and monitoring remain challenging despite the importance to better understand their behavior at all spatial and temporal scales. Heat and correspondingly temperature data have gained much interest in recent years and are often used as a tracer for characterizing groundwater flows. In the current work,a fast computer code is developed using Ramey and Hassan and Kabir analytical solutions which converts the temperature profile to the flow rate profile along the borehole. The method developed is validated through numerical simulations. A global sensitivity study recognizes the media thermal properties as the most influential parameters. For testing the method in the field,fiber-optic distributed temperature sensing (FO-DTS) data were used to monitor the dynamic behavior of fractured aquifers at the borehole scale at the Ploemeur-Guidel field site in Brittany,France. DTS data are used to infer the flow rates in the different sections of a fractured wellbore (flow profile) and calculate the contribution of each fracture to the total flow. DTS data were acquired for about three days in three different hydraulic conditions corresponding to two different ambient flow conditions and one pumping condition. Flow profiling using distributed temperature data matches satisfactorily with results from heat-pulse flow metering performed in parallel for cross-checking. Moreover,flow profiling reveals the daily variations of ambient flow in this fractured borehole. Furthermore,it shows that during ambient flowing conditions,shallow and deep fractures contribute roughly equally to the total flow while during the pumping condition,the deepest fractures contribute more to the total flow,suggesting a possible reorganization of flow and hydraulic heads depending on the hydraulic conditions. Thus,although the proposed method (DTS data and proposed framework) may be costlier and is based on indirect characterization through temperature measurements,it provides real-time monitoring of complex fracture interactions and recharge processes in fractured media. Thus,this method allows for a full analysis of the temporal behavior of the system with a simple and fast analytical model. Furthermore,thanks to its narrow width,DTS can be used and installed in boreholes for long-term monitoring while heat-pulse flow metering may lead to head losses in the borehole and may not be always possible depending on some borehole conditions. One of the limitations of the approach proposed is the proper knowledge of the thermal properties of media required to infer the flow rate from the temperature. Nevertheless,surface rate measurement can be useful to constrain these properties and reduce the flow profiling uncertainty. Thus,the method proposed appears to be an interesting and complementary method for characterizing borehole flows and groundwater dynamics in fractured media such as for instance,monitoring the recharge dynamic