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    The Ploemeur-Guidel observatory (Britanny, France) is focusing on surface-depth relationships in a fractured crystalline geological context and oceanic climate. It is built on 2 sub-sites, one highly anthropized, the other in natural state. In Ploemeur, groundwater has been pumped since 1991, supplying more than 1 million m3 of clean drinking water annual at a sustainable rate. Such high productivity is explained the specific fractured network in granite and micaschists, draining deep geological layers (~400 m). Extracted water quality is very good, with limited nitrate concentration, in a region that has been strongly affected by widespread pollution. Guidel site is in a similar, but natural context. Deep iron-rich groundwater is upflowing, creating surface and deep groundwater-dependent ecosystems, and feeding a classified coastal wetland. Both sites have a very dense equipment to study rapid to long-term surface-depth exchanges: a flux tower, unsaturated zone monitoring, a network of ~50 shallow (<10m) and deep boreholes (>80m), hydrochemical, temperature and deformation. An well-characterized fractured experimental site offers the possibility to conduct experiments to test innovative instruments and develop new methodologies

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    This data set contains the temperature values at the position of 557 Pardosa saltans spiders, measured each minute during 90 minutes in a laboratory thermal gradient. Additionnal information on sex, development stage and morphology is provided for each individual. For details see Cabon et al 2023 in Journal of Thermal Biology: https://www-sciencedirect-com.passerelle.univ-rennes1.fr/science/article/pii/S0306456523002474 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2023.103706

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    Groundwater comprises approximately 30 percent of the Earth’s total freshwater, serving as a vital resource for both humans and ecosystems. As an essential source of drinking water for humans and sustenance for vegetation, groundwater plays a key role in the terrestrial water cycle. It acts as a buffer, enabling adaptation to climate variability and extreme events like floods and droughts. Therefore, understanding groundwater storage is important for both ecological and15 societal reasons.

  • Geodetic markers were installed along the main course of the Sélune. Physically marked out in the field, these markers have been located with a high-precision GPS (planimetric and z-precisions are given in the table). Please note that these markers may move slightly with the wetting/drying cycles of mainly clay soils, and their coordinates may be updated if necessary. Geodetic markers can be used as reference points to define a device or a new study area.

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    Title: InterActic : A millennium of interaction between societies and environments in Arctic and sub-Arctic regions (Canada and Greenland) Abstract The InterArctic project focuses on vulnerability, resilience and adaptation of northern societies facing global change. The rapid current warming of Arctic and Subarctic climates has already produced many changes in the social, economic and cultural behavior of the populations inhabiting these regions and more changes are expected to come. Few of the changes are considered to be positive or not disturbing the fragile balance between human and the environment. Populations of these areas have to face these challenges, and in this context, looking at the past provides the opportunity to document the complex relationships between climate, ecology and human societies, which may provide deeper understanding into ways of better facing the future. The chronological frame of the project encompasses the last millennium, a well-documented period by both ice core data and historical archives. The study area includes Eastern Canada (Nunavik, Nunavut and Nunatsiavut) and Greenland (South and North). Around 1000 years cal. AD, some of these areas witnessed the meeting between European farmers coming from Scandinavia, and hunters-fishers arriving from Beringia. Today, these two lifestyles are still coexisting, with farming in South Greenland, and hunters/gatherers/fishers in Nunavik, Nunavut, Labrador coast and Greenland. Within these study areas, our aim is to document 1000 years of interactions between Thule/Inuit people, Norse settlers and their environment, through an interdisciplinary approach exploiting different kinds of natural archives. The use of pedo-sedimentary archives (lakes, peat deposits, cryosols, anthrosols) and palaeoenvironmental multiproxy analyses will highlight landscape evolution, climatic and anthropogenic forcings upon ecological processes. Archaeological sites, and more specifically archaeological soils, ecofacts and artefacts, will give precious information about the nature of these interactions. The complementary anthropological/cultural approach will focus on human memory, perception, practices and prospects of environmental and social changes, archaeological heritage and past settlement location choices, of six communities in Greenland and Canada. These issues will be explored in an interdisciplinary work through open interviews and co-design workshops bringing Inuit elders and youth together with project researchers. Coproduced knowledge (blending traditional and scientific), including Inuit visual documentation of the community changes and the writing of science fiction narratives, as well as cognitive maps (Inuit internal representation), will then be shared through innovative educational projects such as an interactive web platform designed to share project results, involving local partners in Greenland and Canada as well as French secondary schools and universities. Keywords: Arctic, Subarctic, Greenland, Nunavik, Labrador-Nunatsiavut, Canada, Norse, Farming, Interaction Human-environment, Thule, Inuit, Natural-archives, Archaeological settlements, Archaeological-artefacts, Raw-materials, Climate, Environment, Landscape, Ecosytems, Biodiversity, Global-changes, Social-changes, Flora, Fauna, Soils, PalenvDNA, Perception, Memory, Heritage, Holocene, Last-Millenium

  • Cette donnée géographique est une extraction partielle de l'API Géorisques du Ministère de la Transition écologique et de la Cohésion des territoires. Elle représente les Installations Classées pour la Protection de l’Environnement (ICPE) de Bretagne de type agricole.

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  • Représentation des contours de sous bassins versants de la zone d'étude INRA de Kerbernez. Le site comporte cinq sous bassins versants (Puits, Coat Timon, Ty Garde, Pont Lenn et Nead Meur). Le bassin du Puits est lui même divisé en trois sous bassins (Kerbernez, Kerrien et Guerveur). Le tracé des contours a été réalisé à partir de la carte IGN au 1/10000ème et des observations topographiques du terrain (NICOLAS. J.M., 1991). Ces contours ont été affinés par de nouvelles observations sur le terrain et reportés sur planches cadastrales au 1/2500ème (CHATELIER. J.M., 1995). Un calque des contours a ensuite été géoréférencé puis scanné (ABIVEN. S., 2000). A partir de ce calque l'image a été vectorisée sous QGIS et approuvée par Laurent RUIZ. Le sous bassin de Kerrien a été divisé en trois unités à partir d'un modèle numérique de terrain réalisé par le Lycée Agricole de Kerbernez (2006).

  • Représentation du réseau hydrographique sur la zone d'étude INRA de Kerbernez. Certains cours d'eau n'appartenant pas à la zone d'étude ont été représentés pour une meilleure compréhension du réseau. Les cours d'eau représentés en pointillés sont des cours d'eau alimentés moins de huit mois dans l'année, en traits pleins les cours d'eau alimentés plus de huit mois dans l'année. Le réseau hydrographique a été redessiné à partir d'une couche vecteur réalisée par Samuel Abiven (ABIVEN. S., 2000) et de l'ortho-photographie IGN. Les tracés ont été approuvés par Laurent Ruiz. Le code hydrographique a été renseigné à partir de la base de données Carthage.

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    Image satellite SPOT acquise dans le cadre du dispositif KALIDEOS Bretagne Acquisition le 07/07/2017 Le produit est protégé par des droits de diffusion. Il est disponible et téléchargeable sur le site suivant: https://bretagne.kalideos.fr/drupal/fr/mapshup_page Il est nécessaire de s'inscrire et avoir un compte pour télécharger les données KALIDEOS et il suffit de décrire son besoin (visualisation de données satellites récentes pour des applications en écologie par ex).